Predictive values

Predictive values are the probability of correctly identifying a subject's condition given the test result.

Predictive values use Bayes' theorem along with a pre-test probability (such as the prevalence of the condition in the population) and the sensitivity and specificity of the test to compute the post-test probability (predictive value).

The positive predictive value is the probability that a subject has the condition given a positive test result; the negative predictive value is the probability that a subject does not have the condition given a negative test result.