||The number of non-missing values in a set of data.
||The sum of the values in a set of data.
||Measure the central tendency using the arithmetic mean.
||Measure the central tendency using the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals.
Useful when the values are rates and ratios.
||Measure the central tendency using the product of the values.
Useful when the values are percentages.
||Measure the amount of variation using the squared deviation of a variable from its mean.
||Measure the amount of variation using the square root of the variance.
|CV% / RSD
||Measure the spread relative to its expected value (standard deviation divided by the mean).
Also known as the coefficient of variation or relative standard deviation.
||Measure the "sideness" or symmetry of the distribution.
Skewness can be positive or negative. Negative skew indicates that the tail on the left side of the distribution is longer or fatter than the right side. Positive skew indicates the converse, the tail on the right side is longer or fatter than the left side. A value of zero indicates the tails on both sides balance; this is the case for symmetric distributions, but also for asymmetric distributions where a short fat tail
balances out a long thin tail.
Ues the Fisher-Pearson standardized moment coefficient G1 definition of sample skewness.
||Measure the "tailedness" of the distribution. That is, whether the tails are heavy or light. Excess kurtosis is the kurtosis minus 3 and provides a comparison to the normal distribution.
Positive excess kurtosis (called leptokurtic) indicates the distribution has fatter tails than a normal distribution. Negative excess kurtosis (called platykurtic) indicates the distribution has thinner tails than a normal distribution.
Uses the G2 definition of the sample excess
||Measure the central tendency using the middle value in a set of data.
||Smallest value in a set of data.
||Largest value in a set of data.
||The difference between the maximum and minimum.
||The middle value between the smallest value and median in a set of data.
||The middle value between the median and largest value in a set of data.
||Measure the spread between the 1st and 3rd quartile.
||The value that appears the most in a set of data.
||A set of values that divide the range of the distribution into contiguous intervals defined by probabilities.